How to Stop Eating Soil during Pregnancy?

Many women experience intense cravings for certain foods during pregnancy, which can be attributed to hormonal changes and nutritional requirements. However, some pregnant women crave non-food items like soil, ice, or laundry starch. These cravings can be perplexing and often raise concerns about their potential risks to the mother and the developing baby. Understanding the underlying causes of soil craving during pregnancy is essential to address this issue effectively.

In this article, we will delve into the causes of soil craving during pregnancy and provide effective strategies to overcome this urge while ensuring a healthy pregnancy.

Why Do Women Crave Pica and Soil During Pregnancy?

Pica is a condition characterized by the persistent craving and consumption of non-food items with no nutritional value. It can affect people of all ages but is particularly prevalent during pregnancy. Soil craving is a specific type of pica that involves the urge to eat dirt, clay, or other earthy substances. While it may seem unusual, it is essential to remember that pica is a recognized disorder and should be taken seriously.

Causes of Soil Craving During Pregnancy

Causes of Soil Craving During Pregnancy

Several factors contribute to the development of soil cravings during pregnancy. Understanding these causes can help pregnant women overcome the urge to eat soil and maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Nutritional Deficiencies

One of the leading causes of pica and soil craving during pregnancy is nutritional deficiencies. The body undergoes significant changes during pregnancy, requiring an increased intake of certain nutrients such as iron, zinc, or calcium. If the diet lacks these nutrients, the body may seek alternative sources, leading to unusual cravings.

Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy can also play a role in the development of soil craving. Changes in hormone levels can affect the sense of taste and smell, making non-food items like soil appear appealing.

Emotional and Psychological Factors

Pregnancy can be a time of emotional and psychological stress. Some women may eat soil as a coping mechanism for anxiety, stress, or other emotional challenges. These factors can contribute to developing pica and the craving for non-food items.

Risks of Eating Soil during Pregnancy

Risks of Eating Soil during Pregnancy

Bacterial Infections

One of the significant risks associated with eating soil is the potential for bacterial infections. Soil can contain harmful bacteria, such as Salmonella or Escherichia coli (E. coli), leading to gastrointestinal infections. These infections can cause diarrhea, stomach cramps, nausea, and vomiting. In severe cases, bacterial infections can lead to dehydration and require medical intervention.

Parasitic Infections

Soil may also harbor parasites that can infect the body upon consumption. For example, geophagia, the specific craving for soil, has been linked to an increased risk of parasitic infections, such as Toxoplasma gondii or hookworms. These parasites can cause various health issues, including flu-like symptoms, anemia, and complications during pregnancy.

Toxic Substances

The soil can contain toxic substances, such as heavy metals like lead, arsenic, or mercury. These substances may contaminate the soil due to environmental factors, pollution, or industrial waste. When ingested, these toxins can harm the mother and the developing baby. Lead, in particular, poses a significant risk as it can cross the placental barrier and affect fetal development, leading to cognitive and developmental problems.

Nutritional Imbalances

Craving and consuming soil during pregnancy can indicate underlying nutritional deficiencies. While the soil does not provide any essential nutrients, the urge to eat it may signify a lack of specific vitamins or minerals. Pregnant women may further exacerbate nutritional imbalances by giving in to the cravings for non-food items like soil, negatively impacting their health and the baby’s development.

Gastrointestinal Obstruction

Ingesting soil can also lead to gastrointestinal obstruction, especially if large amounts are consumed. The soil’s texture and composition can create blockages in the digestive system, causing severe abdominal pain, constipation, or even bowel perforation. Gastrointestinal obstruction requires immediate medical attention and may necessitate surgical intervention to remove the obstruction and prevent further complications.

Psychological Distress

The act of craving and consuming non-food items like soil can have a significant psychological impact on pregnant women. It can lead to guilt, shame, or embarrassment, especially if the behavior is socially unacceptable. Additionally, the persistent urge to eat soil can cause emotional distress and anxiety, affecting the mother’s overall well-being.

Ways to Stop Eating Soil during Pregnancy

Ways to Stop Eating Soil during Pregnancy

In addition to addressing the root causes, incorporating coping strategies into your daily routine can help overcome the urge to eat soil.

Distract Yourself

When the craving for soil arises, distract yourself with engaging activities. Take a walk, listen to music, read a book, or spend time with loved ones. You can shift your focus away from the craving by redirecting your attention.

Practice Mindful Eating

Use mindful eating practices to heighten your awareness of hunger and satiety cues. Slowly consume food, savor every bite, and enjoy the flavors and textures. Mindful eating can help you develop a healthier relationship with food and reduce the desire for non-food items.

Engage in Healthy Activities

Find alternative activities that fulfill your emotional needs and provide satisfaction. Practice relaxation techniques, indulge in hobbies, and exercise regularly. These activities can help alleviate stress and reduce the likelihood of turning to soil as a coping mechanism.

Join Support Groups

Connecting with others who have experienced or are experiencing similar cravings can be invaluable. Join support groups or online communities where you can share your journey, seek advice, and find encouragement from those who understand what you’re going through.

Healthy Eating During Pregnancy

Healthy Eating During Pregnancy

Maintaining a healthy diet during pregnancy is essential for the mother’s well-being and the baby’s development. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a nutrient-rich diet that supports a healthy pregnancy.

Balanced Diet

Ensure your diet is balanced, including the right amount of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. This provides the necessary nutrients for your baby’s growth and development.

Nutrient-Rich Foods

Incorporate nutrient-dense foods into your daily meals. Foods such as leafy greens, beans, nuts, seeds, and lean meats can help meet your nutritional needs and reduce the likelihood of cravings for non-food items.

Adequate Hydration

Staying hydrated is crucial during pregnancy. Limit your sugary beverage intake and drink plenty of water. Hydration helps maintain healthy bodily functions and can alleviate specific cravings.

Regular Prenatal Check-ups

Regular prenatal check-ups are essential for monitoring your health and baby’s development. Your healthcare provider will offer personalized recommendations based on your specific needs. Also Track your pregnancy in Home without going to docter through free pregnancy test Calculator.

Tips to Overcome the Urge to Eat Soil during Pregnancy

Tips to Overcome the Urge to Eat Soil during Pregnancy

If you find yourself craving soil during pregnancy, rest assured that there are strategies to help you overcome this urge and maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Consult Your Healthcare Provider

The first step in managing soil craving is to consult your healthcare provider. They can evaluate your nutritional status and rule out any underlying health conditions that may contribute to pica. Your healthcare provider can guide you on addressing nutritional deficiencies and offer recommendations tailored to your needs.

Address Nutritional Deficiencies

Ensuring a balanced and nutrient-rich diet is crucial during pregnancy. If nutritional deficiencies are identified, your healthcare provider may recommend supplements or dietary changes to meet your body’s needs. By addressing these deficiencies, you can reduce the likelihood of experiencing cravings for non-food items like soil.

Opt for Healthy Alternatives

When the craving for soil arises, diverting your attention to healthier alternatives can be helpful. Opt for nutritious snacks such as fruits, vegetables, or whole grains. These options provide essential nutrients and help satisfy your cravings safely and healthily.

Seek Emotional Support

If emotional or psychological factors contribute to your soil craving, seeking emotional support is crucial. Talk to your partner, friends, or family members about your concerns. Consider joining support groups or seeking professional counseling to address any underlying emotional challenges triggering pica.


Is eating soil during pregnancy harmful to the baby?

Consuming soil during pregnancy can pose risks such as bacterial infections or exposure to harmful substances like lead. It is essential to address this craving to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.

Can craving soil be a sign of a nutritional deficiency?

Yes, soil craving during pregnancy can be a sign of nutritional deficiencies. Consulting a healthcare provider to identify and address deficiencies through dietary changes or supplements is essential.

How common is pica during pregnancy?

Pica cravings, including the craving for soil, can occur in approximately 25-30% of pregnant women. However, the frequency and intensity may vary from person to person.

Are there any alternative treatments for pica?

Treatment for pica during pregnancy typically involves addressing underlying nutritional deficiencies and providing emotional support. Working closely with healthcare providers and seeking counseling can help develop effective strategies to overcome pica cravings.

When should I seek medical help for soil cravings during pregnancy?

It is advisable to seek medical help if your craving for soil persists or intensifies, as it may indicate underlying health issues. Additionally, if you experience any negative symptoms or concerns, consult your healthcare provider for guidance and support.

What is the effect of eating soil while pregnant?

Eating soil during pregnancy can affect both the mother and the baby. It can lead to bacterial or parasitic infections, exposure to toxic substances like heavy metals, nutritional imbalances, gastrointestinal obstruction, and psychological distress. These effects can pose risks and complications that may impact the health and development of the baby, as well as the well-being of the mother.

Is it normal to crave soil during pregnancy?

Craving soil, or pica, is not considered a normal craving during pregnancy. While many pregnant women experience cravings for certain foods, cravings for non-food items like soil are less common. Craving soil can indicate underlying nutritional deficiencies or other factors that should be addressed. It is essential to consult with a healthcare provider if you experience such cravings during pregnancy.

Can pica harm my baby?

Pica, including the craving for soil, can potentially harm the baby. Consuming soil can expose the baby to harmful bacteria, parasites, or toxic substances like heavy metals. These can lead to infections, developmental issues, or other complications. It is essential to address pica cravings and seek appropriate medical guidance to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby.

Is eating clay safe during pregnancy?

Eating clay, like consuming soil, is associated with the condition known as pica. While the safety of eating clay during pregnancy is not well established, it is generally not recommended. Clay can contain various impurities and pose risks similar to those associated with eating soil, such as bacterial or parasitic infections and exposure to toxic substances.


Cravings during pregnancy are common, but when it comes to pica and the urge to eat soil, it’s essential to address the issue for the well-being of both the mother and the baby. By understanding the causes, addressing nutritional deficiencies, and implementing healthy coping strategies, pregnant women can overcome the urge to eat soil and ensure a healthy pregnancy. Remember to consult your healthcare provider for personalized guidance and support throughout your journey.