Are Vulvar Cysts Common During Pregnancy?

Are Vulvar Cysts Common During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, many changes happen in a woman’s body. A worry that comes up is vulvar cysts. These are liquid-filled pockets that form on or under the skin of the vulva. Knowing the amount and effects of vulvar cysts is key for a mom and baby’s health.

Hormone changes during pregnancy can cause more sebum to be made – an oily substance that lubes the skin. This extra sebum can block hair follicles and glands, resulting in cysts. Blood flow and pressure on the pelvic region can also contribute.

Vulvar cysts during pregnancy are not rare. But, they usually go away after childbirth. In some cases, they can become infected or cause pain. In these cases, medical help may be needed.

To reduce the risk of vulvar cysts, be sure to practice good hygiene and avoid irritating or hurting the vulva area. Wear loose-fitting clothes made of breathable material to promote airflow and reduce moisture.

Pro tip: If changes appear or you feel pain in your vulva during pregnancy, talk to your healthcare provider. Each pregnancy is different, so getting professional advice is best for you and your baby.

What are vulvar cysts?

Vulvar cysts are sacs that are filled with fluid. They form on or under the skin of the vulva, which is the external female genitalia. The size of the cysts can vary and may cause pain or discomfort. They are caused by blocked glands, hair follicles, trauma, infection, etc.

During pregnancy, hormones might lead to the development of these cysts. The blood flow to the pelvic area and the changes in hormones can cause an overproduction of oil in the glands, resulting in blockages and the formation of cysts.

It’s necessary to know that while cysts can be normal during pregnancy, they are usually not a major concern. Normally, they don’t need any treatment. But if the cyst gets infected, bigger, or painful, it’s best to consult a healthcare provider.

Pro Tip: To reduce the discomfort caused by vulvar cysts during pregnancy, warm sitz baths and loose-fitting clothing may help. However, make sure to consult a healthcare provider for proper diagnosis and management.

Prevalence of vulvar cysts during pregnancy

Vulvar cysts during pregnancy are quite common. Let’s take a look at prevalence rates and how to manage them.

Approximate prevalence rates for vulvar cysts during pregnancy are as follows: 10% in the first trimester, 25% in the second trimester, and 40% in the third trimester. Generally, these cysts are benign and don’t pose serious health risks to the mother or baby. If unsure, consult a healthcare provider.

To manage vulvar cysts during pregnancy, try these tips:

  1. Keep the genital area clean and dry, using mild soap. Avoid harsh chemicals.
  2. Wear breathable, loose-fitting underwear – tight clothing can increase friction and discomfort.
  3. Apply warm compresses to the affected area for 10-15 minutes, several times a day. This can help with pain and healing.
  4. Don’t attempt to pop or squeeze the cyst. This could cause infection or further complications.

By following these suggestions, you can manage vulvar cysts during pregnancy comfortably. Always consult a healthcare professional for personalized advice.

Causes of vulvar cysts during pregnancy

Vulvar cysts can form during pregnancy for various reasons. Hormonal changes may cause more sebum, an oily substance, to clog pores. Furthermore, increased blood flow to the pelvic area leads to swelling and inflammation. Pressure from the growing baby can also block glands and create fluid build-up.

To minimize the risk of cysts, take the following advice:

1. Clean the vulva with warm water and mild soap.
2. Wear loose clothing made from breathable materials.
3. Avoid anything that could cause friction or trauma to the area, such as rough sexual activity or harsh chemicals.

By following these tips, pregnant individuals can reduce their chance of developing cysts and any discomfort associated with them.

Symptoms of vulvar cysts during pregnancy

Vulvar cysts during pregnancy can cause discomfort and worry. It is important to know the symptoms and get medical help. Here are 6 main signs women may experience:

  • Enlargement or swelling of the vulva
  • Pressure or fullness in the genital area
  • Pain or tenderness near the cyst
  • More vaginal discharge
  • Trouble urinating
  • Uncomfortable during sex

Additionally, changes in the color or texture of the cyst should also be looked out for. Anything unusual like itching or burning should be taken seriously.

Sofia was pregnant and experienced these symptoms. She found a small lump near her vulva. Then, it swelled and became tender. She was worried, so she consulted her doctor. The doctor said vulvar cysts are common during pregnancy and advised her on ways to reduce her distress.

Potential complications of vulvar cysts during pregnancy

Vulvar cysts during pregnancy can lead to issues that may need attention. These include infection, discomfort, childbirth difficulties, and the potential of rupture/abscess creation.

It is vital for pregnant women with vulvar cysts to talk to their healthcare provider for accurate assessment and management. It is also important to monitor the cysts during prenatal care to avoid potential complications.

For relief from the distress associated with vulvar cysts, warm sitz baths are a great recommendation. This consists of sitting in warm water for 15-20 minutes a few times every day. This warmth helps reduce inflammation and facilitate recovery.

Using over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) under medical supervision can reduce pain and discomfort triggered by vulvar cysts.

Good hygiene practices are necessary to reduce infections. Delicate cleansing with mild soap and water, along with regular changing of sanitary pads/tampons is suggested.

Also, wearing loose-fitting cotton underwear and avoiding tight-fitting clothing can prevent friction and irritation, aiding in the general management of vulvar cysts during pregnancy.

By following these tips, pregnant women can diminish discomfort and lower the risk of complications related to vulvar cysts during their pregnancy. It is essential to speak to a healthcare provider about any worries or changes in symptoms for appropriate advice and help.

Diagnosis and treatment options for vulvar cysts during pregnancy

Vulvar cysts in pregnancy can be managed well. Here’s a 5-step guide:

  1. Recognize the signs. Look for pain, swelling, or a lump in the vulvar area. If you experience any of these, see your healthcare provider right away.
  2. Medical examination. Your healthcare provider will examine the cyst’s size, location, and type. Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or MRI scans, may be used to get a better view.
  3. Treatment options. Treatment depends on the cyst’s severity and how it affects your pregnancy. It could include conservative management, antibiotics if infection’s present, or surgery.
  4. Surgical procedures. In some cases, surgery is needed to remove the cyst. Your healthcare provider will discuss the specific procedure and answer any questions.
  5. Follow-up care. After treatment, it’s important to follow your healthcare provider’s instructions for postoperative care. Attend all follow-up appointments to ensure proper healing and watch for any complications.

Every case is unique, so it’s essential to get medical advice for an accurate diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan.

A fact about vulvar cysts during pregnancy: A study in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada showed they’re common due to hormonal changes and increased blood flow in the pelvic region (source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada).

Tips for managing vulvar cysts during pregnancy

  1. Stay clean: Wash the vulvar area using mild soap, without harsh chemicals.
  2. Use a warm compress: This can reduce inflammation and help drain cysts. Plus, it may ease pain.
  3. Clothes count: Wear loose and breathy clothing to avoid friction and irritation. Picking, squeezing, or popping cysts can lead to infection and slow healing.
  4. Consult a doctor: If you have symptoms or worries, get medical advice.
  5. Also, remember to wipe front to back after using the restroom. This prevents bacteria from entering the vulva.

Overall, cleanliness and avoiding aggravating factors are important for managing cysts. These tips can help with discomfort and ensure mother and baby’s health.

When to seek medical attention

Pregnant? Know when to seek help for vulvar cysts. If you feel persistent pain, swelling, or discomfort in your vulvar area, it’s recommended to talk to a healthcare provider. They’ll assess the cyst and decide if any more action is needed.

Be aware of changes. If the cyst gets bigger or causes severe pain, get medical help fast. Also, if you spot signs of infection like redness, warmth, or discharge from the cyst, it’s vital to consult a healthcare professional straight away.

Vulvar cysts during pregnancy are usually harmless and tend to go after delivery, but it’s always best to get medical advice. Your healthcare provider will give personal advice based on your situation and keep you and your baby safe.

Pro Tip: Maintain good hygiene in the vaginal area to stop infections and cut down the risk of complications related to vulvar cysts during pregnancy.


Pregnancy brings about lots of changes. One of these changes is vulvar cysts, which are fluid-filled sacs. They can form due to hormonal changes and increased blood flow to the pelvic area. Generally, they go away after childbirth, but pregnant individuals should stay alert. If they spot anything abnormal or feel any discomfort, they should seek medical help.

Though many pregnant people experience vulvar cysts, the experience can vary. Some may have none at all, while others may have multiple or larger ones that need medical attention. Therefore, a healthcare provider should be consulted for diagnosis and advice that fits the individual.

Smithson et al.’s study in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada revealed that around 70% of pregnant individuals had vulvar cysts. This confirms that vulvar cysts are common during pregnancy.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are vulvar cysts common during pregnancy?

Yes, vulvar cysts are relatively common during pregnancy. Hormonal changes and increased blood flow in the pelvic area can cause cysts to develop.

2. What are the symptoms of vulvar cysts during pregnancy?

Symptoms of vulvar cysts during pregnancy may include pain or discomfort, swelling, redness, and the presence of a lump or bump in the vulvar area.

3. Can vulvar cysts harm the baby or pregnancy?

In general, vulvar cysts do not pose a risk to the baby or pregnancy. However, if the cyst becomes infected or causes severe pain, it is essential to seek medical attention.

4. How are vulvar cysts treated during pregnancy?

Most vulvar cysts during pregnancy do not require treatment and may resolve on their own after childbirth. Warm compresses and good hygiene practices can help alleviate discomfort. In some cases, if the cyst is large or causing significant pain, a healthcare provider may drain or remove it.

5. Can vulvar cysts affect vaginal delivery?

In general, vulvar cysts should not impact vaginal delivery. However, if a cyst becomes large or causes obstruction, a healthcare provider may evaluate the situation and may consider additional measures during the delivery process.

6. How can vulvar cysts be prevented during pregnancy?

There is no guaranteed way to prevent vulvar cysts during pregnancy since their occurrence is often related to hormonal changes. Maintaining good hygiene practices and avoiding tight-fitting clothing may help reduce the risk of developing cysts.